Dental implants are artificial tooth roots, made out of a titanium screw and a porcelain crown, that are used during the restoration of missing teeth. Sometimes when teeth are replaced, some of the jaw bone can be lost and dental implants prevents this from happening. People who have missing teeth can often feel self-conscious about smiling and talking. Missing teeth can also cause problems with eating which can lead to other health problems such as malnutrition.
Dental implants replaces missing tooth roots which makes the artificial tooth strong and stable enough so that you can eath all foods without struggling to chew. Prevention of bone loss in the jaw also helps to support facial features.
What are the causes of tooth loss?
Missing teeth can be the result of a variety of factors:
- Tooth decay
- Root canal failure
- Gum disease
- Tooth injury
- Extreme wear and tear
- Genetic defects
Who are eligible for dental implants
The only person who can answer this question is your dentist. Your dentist will thoroughly examine your teeth and gums as well as bone density and quantity. You may have to go for X-Rays or CT-Scans to determine whether there is s
till enough bone left to place the implant as well as to determine where the implant should be placed.
The condition of your oral tissues are paramount to the success of your dental implants. You also have to be able to commit to a stringent oral hygiene routine before and after the procedure. Your specific situation will determine how long the treatment will take. Your dentist will discuss options regarding local anaenesthesia or conscious sedation with you during your consultation.
Dental impants can be done after adolenscence as soon as the bone growth has been completed. Certain medical conditions may affect the success of the treatment such as active diabetes, cancer or periodontal disease.
Before the treatment
Underlying oral issues can hamper the success of the treatment. Your dentist will first have to attend to any problems with tooth decay and gum disease. Your dentist will also advise you to quit smoking if you are a smoker. Smoking will impact on how well the dental implant anchors to the jaw.
Dental implants ar
e done within a single appointment, but it takes up to six months for the implant to anchor to the bone.
Preparing the jaw for implantation
A small hole is drilled into the jaw site to guide the insertion of the titanium screw that holds the implant in place. The small hole is gradually widened so that the implant can be placed. The surrounding gum tissue is fitted over the impant and a screw cover is fixed onto the screw to protect the site while the artificial root is anchored to the bone. After six months, your dentist will remove the screw coer and attach and abutment (which holds the crown in place). When the abutment has been placed, your dentist will place a temporary crown. Your gum will grow and shape around the temporary crown naturally. When this process has been completed, the temporary crown is removed and a permanent crown is fixed.
After the treatment
cess of a dental implant depends of a number of things. Meticulous oral hygiene practices are essential. If you do not floss and brush your teeth regularly, the site can get infected. Smoking also causes dental implants to fail. The best possible healing and fusing is done when the area has been cleaned properly.
There may be some side effects after the treatment including temporary swelling of your gums and face along with minor bleeding and bruising. Prescription pain medication will help to relieve any discomfort or pain. You should restrict your diet to soft foods for five to seven days after the treatment.